Undergraduate Detailed Course Listing

COMPLETE COURSE CATALOG FOR BIOLOGY

101 (4 credits) General Biology I - core required | SYLLABUS
An introductory sequence of two courses designed for all Biology majors that presents the unifying concepts of contemporary biology at all organizational levels through integrated lectures and laboratories. All basic life properties in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic systems are studied.
Prerequisite:

102 (4 credits) General Biology II - core required | SYLLABUS
An introductory sequence of two courses designed for all Biology majors that presents the unifying concepts of contemporary biology at all organizational levels through integrated lectures and laboratories. All basic life properties in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic systems are studied.
Prerequisite:

200 (4 credits) Genetics - core required | SYLLABUS
Introduction to the study of the chemical composition and structure of the genetic material and its transmission and function in development and metabolism. Combines classical and molecular approaches to the understanding of mechanisms of inheritance.
Prerequisite: 101/102

202 (4 credits) Plant Diversity - core required | SYLLABUS
Introduction to diversity of plants.
Prerequisite: 101/102

204 (3 credits) Science and Public Policy | SYLLABUS
This course explores ethical, historical, and political aspects of the utilization of scientific knowledge for the development of public policy. 
Prerequisite:

*Course NOT CURRENTLY OFFERED*
205 (4 credits) Invertebrate Biology
Study of representative invertebrates, including the morphology, life history, and phylogenetic relationships. Prerequisite: BIOL 101/102.

*Course NOT CURRENTLY OFFERED*
207 (4 credits) Biosphere
An examination of the evolutionary history of the dynamics of the biosphere (the upper few kilometers of the crust, atmosphere, oceans, and anthroposhere) with particular focus on the role of life in the regulation of chemical and physical conditions. Prerequisite: BIOL 101/102.

*Course NOT CURRENTLY OFFERED*
208 (4 credits) Native Plants
Nontechnical field and laboratory course dealing with the collection, identification, preparation, and uses of native wild plants. Prerequesite: BIOL 101/102.

*Course NOT CURRENTLY OFFERED*
210 (4 credits) Field Biology 
Field course involving the collection, preservation, and identification of native and introduced Flora and Fanua. Prerequisite: BIOL 101/102.

217 (1 credit) Honors Orientation | SYLLABUS
For Honors students only. Prerequisite: Sophomore status and consent of instructor

218 (1 credit) Directed Readings | SYLLABUS
For Honors students only. Prerequisite: Sophomore status and consent of instructor

220 (4 credits) General Microbiology - core elective | SYLLABUS
Introductory course involving study of the identification, culture, physiology, and genetics of bacteria. 
Prerequisite: 101/102

230 (4 credits) Ecology - core elective | SYLLABUS
This lecture/laboratory course considers how the physical and biotic environments of animal and plant species influence patterns of distribution and abundance, with specific emphasis on features of natural communities. 
Prerequisite: 101/102

240 (3 credits) Evolution - core elective | SYLLABUS
Includes the study of Darwin's theory of evolution and its implications, evidence from various biological disciplines supporting Darwin's evolutionary theory, chemical evolution and organic evolution from the cell to modern man. 
Prerequisite: 200

251 (4 credits) Comparative Anatomy - core elective | SYLLABUS
Lectures analyze the functional anatomy of vertebrates and the evolution and embryonic development of their structures and functions. Laboratories involve dissection of selected vertebrate organisms. 
Prerequisite: 101/102

253 (4 credits) Plant Anatomy 
Lecture-laboratory course dealing with the study of the structure and development of the cells, tissues, and organs of vascular plants. Prerequisites: BIOL 101/102.

*Course NOT CURRENTLY OFFERED*
302 (4 credits) Organismal Biology
A comprehensive study of form, physiology, and phylogeny in the major groups of living organisms. Emphasis on the commonality of mechanisms utilized for growth, reproduction, and adaptation to environmental change by different groups of organisms. MARC Honor Course.

310 (4 credits) Cell Biology - core elective | SYLLABUS 
Examines the chemistry, structure and function of cells and their components and the microscopic details of mammalian tissues and organs.
Prerequisite: 200

*Course NOT CURRENTLY OFFERED*
315 (3 credits) Quantitative Biology 
3 crs. An introduction to quantitative methods of measuring biological processes, evaluating and interpreting experimental data, and monitoring biological phenoma. Marc Honors Course.

317/318 (1 credit each) Directed Readings | SYLLABUS
For Honors students only. Prerequisite: Junior status and consent of instructor

320 (4 credits) Molecular Biology - core elective | SYLLABUS
Discussion and experimentation covering the structure and function of prokaryotic and eukaryotic genomes and their gene products. Regulation of genetic expression is stressed. The theoretical basis and application of current research techniques used in basic and applied molecular biology and genetic engineering are covered. 
Prerequisite: 200

328 (4 credits) Global Climate Change (Global Environment) | SYLLABUS
Discussion and experimentation covering the structure and function of prokaryotic and eukaryotic genomes and their gene products. Regulation of genetic expression is stressed. The theoretical basis and application of current research techniques used in basic and applied molecular biology and genetic engineering are covered. 
Prerequisite: 230

*Course NOT CURRENTLY OFFERED*
329 (3 credits) Global Environment 
This course is an introduction to global ecology. It considers the critical problems facing humanity with regard to environmental ecological damage, agriculture, climatic change and depletable mineral, water and energy resources. All spatial scales are discussed with emphasis on global/local/urban interrelations and their impact on human health and ecosystems. The global environmental/ecological crisis I discussed in the context of North/South relations. 
Prerequisite: BIOL 101/102 or consent of the instructor.

*Course NOT CURRENTLY OFFERED*
331 (3 credits) History and Philosophy of Science
A study of the major philosophical principles that have led to the development of the scientific method and the major discoveries of science.

*Course NOT CURRENTLY OFFERED*
340 (3 credits) Bacterial Physiology | SYLLABUS
Comprehensive study of biochemical mechanisms and physiological behavior in bacteria. Prerequisites BIOL 220, and CHEM. 142.

341 (4 credits) Animal Physiology - core elective | SYLLABUS
Lecture/laboratory course covering the muscles, nervous system, reproduction, and physiological regulation.
Prerequisite: 200

344 (4 credits) Plant Physiology - core elective | SYLLABUS
Study of the physiological processes and regulatory mechanisms associated with growth and development primarily in higher plants. 
Prerequisite: 101/102

*Course NOT CURRENTLY OFFERED*
348 (3 credits) Biogeochemistry
Survey of the distribution of the elements composing the earth with discussion of the reasons underlying these patterns, including examination of biological interactions.

390 (3 credits) Independent Investigation
Conception and development of an individual research project. 
Prerequisite: Juniors and consent of instructor

*Course NOT CURRENTLY OFFERED*
402 (3 credits) Insect Biology
This lecture/laboratory course includes taxonomy, morphology, physiology, behavior, and ecological and evolutionary relationships in the class Insecta. Prerequisites: BIOL 101/102, and BIOL 200.

403 (4 credits) Research in Parastism | SYLLABUS
Considers the biology of metazoan parasites of man and animals and the host-parasite relationship.
Prerequisite: Consent of Instructor

404 (4 credits) Animal Parasitology | SYLLABUS
Considers the biology of metazoan parasites of man and animals and the host-parasite relationship.
Prerequisite: Consent of Instructor

*Course NOT CURRENTLY OFFERED*
405 (4 credits) Social Insects
Deals with behavioral and systemic studies in social insects in their natural habitats. Prerequisite: BIOL 101/102.

406 (4 credits) Experimental Parasitology | SYLLABUS
Considers the biology of metazoan parasites of man and animals and the host-parasite relationship.
Prerequisite: Consent of Instructor

407 (4 credits) Ichthyology | SYLLABUS
A study of fish biology, including taxonomy, morphology, population dynamics and distribution of fishes, and a critical review of current ichthyological research. The laboratory consists of field experience, along with dissection of representative forms. Prerequisites: BIOL 101/102 or consent of instructor.

*Course NOT CURRENTLY OFFERED*
408 (4 credits) Herpetology
This lecture-laboratory course concerns the study of amphibians and reptiles and focuses on the taxonomic, morphological, physiological, behavioral, ecological and evolutionary relationships among members of these vertebrates. Prerequisites: BIOL 101/102 or consent of instructor.

409 (4 credits) Animal Behavior | SYLLABUS
Environmental and quantitative approach to behavior illustrating basic principles, with emphasis on physiological bases, ecological correlates and evolutionary aspects.

*Course NOT CURRENTLY OFFERED*
410 (4 credits) Plant Systematics 
Lecture-laboratory course involving the basic principles and concepts in the classification and nomenclature of vascular plants. Prerequisite: BIOL 101/102.

413 (4 credits) Developmental Biology | SYLLABUS
Examines the formation of the gametes, fertilization, cleavage of the zygote, tissue and organ differentiation. Emphasis is on the genetic and physiological mechanisms controlling these processes. Laboratory includes study of sectioned and living embryos.
Prerequisite: 310 or 320

415 (4 credits) Molecular Genetics | SYLLABUS
Lecture-laboratory course in which studies of plant an microbial genomes are conducted through nucleic acid analysis and applications of recombinant-DNA technology and environmental mutagenesis. Prerequisites: BIOL 101/102, BIOL 200, CHEM. 156 or the equivalent; and advanced standing.

416 (4 credits) Advanced Cytology | SYLLABUS 
Analyzes untrastructural cytology, with emphasis on current techniques in transmission and scanning electron microscopy and cytochemistry. Prerequisites: BIOL 101/102, BIOL 200, BIOL 310.

420 (3 credits) Cancer Biology | SYLLABUS 
Examines normal vs. cancerous cell growth; examines genetic mechanisms, protein modifications and the multi-hit hypothesis that leads to cancer onset, as well as associated stages of disease and treatment/therapies.
Prerequisite: 310 or 320, chemistry through organic

421 (4 credits) Virology | SYLLABUS
Study of the structure, biochemistry, and biologic relations of viruses. 
Prerequisite: 220 or CHEM 141

422 (4 credits) Immunology | SYLLABUS 
Covers humoral and cellular immunity against infections and non-self agents, cellular interactions and differentiation events associated with the immune response and applications of immunology to biomedicine.
Prerequisite: 310, chemistry through organic

424 (4 credits) Environmental Microbiology | SYLLABUS
An integrated approach to studying the role of microorganisms in environmental waste management. The microbiology of air, water soil and sewers are addressed. Emphases are placed on the public health implications of microbes and their products in the environment, and the role of microbes in bioremediation of hazardous chemical wastes.
Prerequisite: 220

425 (4 credits) Pathogenic Bacteriology | SYLLABUS
Lecture-laboratory course in which the pathways of etiological disease agents, methods of their identification and therapy, and their control measures are considered. 
Prerequisite: 220

426 (4 credits) Food Microbiology | SYLLABUS
Lecture-laboratory course involving the microbiology and epidemiology of food-borne diseases and food poisoning and microbiology of fermented foods. Methods of prevention and identification are considered. 
Prerequisite: 220

430 (4 credits) Biostatistics | SYLLABUS
Deals with measures of central tendency and dispersion; binomial, student, and chi-square distributions; and hypothesis testing related to biological problems.
Prerequisite: College algebra or the equivalent

432 (4 credits) Plant Populations and Communities | SYLLABUS
Lectures, labs and field trips introduce students to the structure and dynamics of plant populations and communities from an evolutionary perspective. Students develop and awareness of abiotic factors and ecological relationships between species that influence the abundance and distribution of plants in the natural environment, and the important role of plants in the global ecosystem. Laboratory exercises allow students to design and implement field and greenhouse experiments. Students will gain experience with internet resources in searching the primary literature in plant ecology, as well as analyzing and presenting scientific data. Prerequisite:

441 (4 credits) Endocrinology | SYLLABUS
Examines the endocrine system in a systematic manner, beginning with consideration of the chemistry, function and physiological roles of the hormones. Special emphasis on the molecular mechanism of action of these hormones and how are they are involved in the regulation of physiological processes. 
Prerequisite: 200, chemistry through organic and consent of instructor

444 (4 credits) Neurobiology/Neuroscience | SYLLABUS
The function of the nervous systems from a molecular and cellular perspective. Topics include cellular neurophysiology, synaptic transmission, processing of sensory information and motor control of movement. 
Prerequisite: 341

*Course NOT CURRENTLY OFFERED*
445 (4 credits) Biochemical Genetics
Study of the chemical nature of the genetic materials, mutation, the genetic code, protein synthesis, enzyme subunit structure, genetic complementation, and gene action and development. Prerequisites: BIOL 101/102, BIOL 200, CHEM. 142, and consent of instructor.

*Course NOT CURRENTLY OFFERED*
446 (4 credits) Mycology
General study of the biology of fungi, with emphasis on their development, phylogency, and ecologic distribution. Prerequisite: BIOL 101/102.

*Course NOT CURRENTLY OFFERED*
448 (4 credits) Techniques in Biological Chemistry 
Introduces student to the theoretical bases and practical applications of experimental techniques in cellular biochemistry. Lecture-laboratory instruction on the following: pH, buffers and solutions (gravimetric and spectrophotometric methods); purification of enzymes and other proteins by chromatographic (MEC, IEC, etc.) and electrophoretic (PAGE, SDS-PAGE, IEF) methods; enzyme kinetics (Km, inhibition); isozymes (pl, Km, Mr, densitometry); estimation of relative molecular mass of proteins by denaturing and non-denaturing methods (retardation coefficients); quantitative (graphic and statistical) analysis of experimental data; BASIC computer programming. Prerequisite: a survey course in biochemistry.

449 (4 credits) Population Genetics | SYLLABUS
Focuses on the genetic structure of populations, factors affecting gene frequency, genotype-environment interaction and genetic relationships in natural and artificial populations. 
Prerequisite: 200 and consent of instructor

450 (4 credits) Molecular Genetics | SYLLABUS
Students learn transcription and translational regulation of gene expression, concepts of knockout and transgenic technology, RFLP and restriction mapping, and fundamental concepts of molecular aspects of genome size, concepts in bioinformatics and hands-on experience in basic recombinant DNA techniques. Prerequisite: 200, 320 or CHEM 151 (Biochemistry)

*Course NOT CURRENTLY OFFERED*
451 (4 credits) Ultrastructure 
Course in electron microscopy undertaking methods of preparation of biological specimens and a study of their fine structure. Prerequisite: BIOL 310 or equivalent.

*Course NOT CURRENTLY OFFERED*
452 (4 credits) Cell Signaling
Study selected pathways of signal tranduction as they relate to information transfer from cell surface receptors to DNA binding sites and/or response elements within the nucleus. Prerequisite: BIOL 310 or equivalent.

*Course NOT CURRENTLY OFFERED*
454 (4 credits) Principles of Plant Pathology
Lecture-laboratory study of the nature, etiologic agents, and host-parasite interactions associated with plant disease development. Prerequisites: BIOL 101/102 and advanced standing.

*Course NOT CURRENTLY OFFERED*
455 (4 credits) Experimental Plant Morphogenesis
Study of the physical and biochemical factors regulating cell, tissue, and organ differentiation in higher plants. Prerequisites: BIOL 310 and consent.

*Course NOT CURRENTLY OFFERED*
457 (4 credits) Morphology of Lower Plants
Intensive examination of the development, ecology, and phylogenetic relationships of the prokaryotes, fungi, algal groups, and bryophytes. Prerequisites: BIOL 101/102 and advanced standing.

*Course NOT CURRENTLY OFFERED*
459 (4 credits) Morphology of Vascular Plants 
In-depth study of the origin, structure, ontogenetic patterns, and evolutionary relationships of vascular plants. Alternate year course. Prerequisites: BIOL 101/102.

462 (4 credits) Biotechnology | SYLLABUS
Prepares students with an in-depth understanding of modern techniques in molecular genetics so they can compete in an ever-growing biotechnology job market. 
Prerequisite: 320 or 450

489 (1-3 credits) Honors Research
Conception and development of an individual research project. 
Prerequisite: Enrollment in the COAS Honors Program and consent of instructor

493/494 (1 credit) Senior Seminar - required | SYLLABUS
Weekly seminar for undergraduates on current topics in biology. 
Prerequisite: 200 and all core electives

500 (1 credit) Topics in Molecular and Cellular Biology | SYLLABUS
An examination of contemporary issues in molecular and cellular biology. Prerequisite: 310 or 320 and consent of instructor

501 (1 credit) Topics in Anatomy and Physiology | SYLLABUS
An examination of contemporary issues in anatomy and physiology.
Prerequisite: 251, 253, 341 or 344 and consent of instructor

502 (1 credit) Topics in Ecology and Evolution | SYLLABUS
An examination of contemporary issues in ecology and evolution. 
Prerequisite: 230 or 240 and consent of instructor

801 (3 credit) Environmental Studies I | SYLLABUS
An interdisciplinary examination of environmental issues with particular attention to impacts affecting communities at local and regional levels. Particular attention will be paid to anthropological, biological, ethical, political and social aspects.

802 (3 credit) Environmental Studies II | SYLLABUS
An interdisciplinary examination of environmental issues with particular attention to causal factors and impacts at national and global levels. Particular attention will be paid to anthropological, biological, ethical, political and social aspects